Thursday, September 2, 2010

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Village Chicken House

Most of us might wanna know how to build the chicken house (Reban). These are example where you can get some picture to build the village chicken house.

more picture

and some more

other example

like this??

and this

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

Village Chicken Farming

Rearing of village chicken activities have been started since our great great grandparent's time . The first generation of the chicken with the scientific name of Gallus domesticus was from the generation of Gallus gallus . The second generation of village chicken which was the cross of first generation of village chicken with the Canton village chicken were borne when the Chinese Trader came in our country. The third generation of village chicken were from the cross of a few breed from foreign country which were brought by European colonial with the second generation.
No proper system of crossing created a few kinds of village chicken that we can see until today. It is difficult to classify the types of village chicken physically. The obvious differences in size that made the village chicken unique. Therefore, there are a few names of village chicken that are found here for example Ayam Botak, Ayam Bulu Balik, Ayam Selasih, Ayam Janggut, Ayam Laga atau Sabung, Ayam Togel, ayam Katik atau Ayam Jepun The names were given according to the location and dialect of the place.

To encourage small scale farmers in rearing village chicken so that the activity of importation of poultry feed by our country can be minimised and also to increase the production of local feed.The others are:
Egg and meat for the family
Hatchable egg for breeding
If excess, can be sold in order to increase the family income.

Can be breed throughout the year
Free rearing during the day
Can give left over food ad lib
The hen can hatch the egg by its own.
The hen can take care of the chicks from cold weather and enemies.

Barn is needed to protect the chicken from bad weather and enemies. The housing system that can be used are " Raised Floor System " or " Ground Floor System "
One (1) bird needs 1 square foot. If 20 birds, the areas needed are 20 square feet. The dimension of the coop is 4 feet x 5 feet..
Use 'nipah' or zink
Use hutan or sayung wood, bamboo , chain-link wire
Use cheap feed trough and drinker.

There are two (2) types of feed:-
1. Commercial Feed
Layer Starter Mash
Layer Grower Mash/Pellet
Layer Finisher Mash/Pellet
2. Mixed Feed or Left Over Food
Left over rice, coconut dregs, coconut's scraping
Rice bran, grounded rice, paddy, tapioca/sweet potatoes
Fish and others

Management of Chick (Day Old - 4 weeks)
Vaccinate the chicks
Give quality feed and sufficient amount of drink
Provide enough light to supply warmness until the age of 2 weeks
Growing Stage until Laying Stage (4 weeks - 22 weeks)
Vaccinate the chicks
Free rearing during the day
Mixed feed or left over food can also be used
Prepare a layer nest
Avoid from disturbing the hen which are about to groan

Natural breeding
1 cock : 10 hens
Reared in the coop which consist of layer nest
The place should be quiet, dry and free from disturbance
Usually it can hatch until 15 eggs during the period 21 days.

Chicken diseases can be due to various reason :-
Steps In Prevention of Diseases
The barn should always be clean
The chicks should be free from diseases
Avoid from different kind of livestock
Visitors should be controlled
Prevention is bettet than cure.
All chickens should be vaccinated
Dead chicken should be buried or burnt to avoid infection of diseases.
The Diseases Prevention Programme
Day Old - Ranikhet "F" (Usually it was done in the hatchery)
Age 3 - 4 weeks - Fowl Pox and Ranikhet "F"
Age 6 - 8 weeks - Ranikhet " S "
General Symptoms of Chicken Diseases
Less appetite
Pale, sneezing, nasal discharge
Swollen face
Diarrhoea or bloody diarrhoea
Nervous symptoms for example weak of the wing, leg, head twisted and others.
New Castle Disease
Gumboro Disease(IBD)
Fowl Pox
If your chickens show any of the above symptoms please consult the nearest District Veterinary Office.